Applications for Metal Injection Molding: Medical and Orthodontic

Orthodontic components

Applications for MIM: Medical and Orthodontic - Dental_orthodontic

Fig. 16 Parts from an orthodontic tooth positioning system manufactured by Flomet LLC, USA. (Image courtesy MPIF, USA)

One of the first major application areas for Metal Injection Molding was for orthodontic brackets and this still remains a major product for the industry.

These extremely small precision parts are usually made from 316L stainless steel, however Ceramic Injection Molding is increasing being used to make translucent brackets that have a much more discreet appearance.


Surgical instruments

Applications for MIM: Medical and Orthodontic - Parmatech

Fig. 17 A 17-4 PH stainless steel articulation gear manufactured by Parmatech Inc, USA, and used in a surgical stapling unit (Image Courtesy MPIF, USA)

Metal Injection Molding has, over the last 20 years, become an essential manufacturing technology for the medical device industry, thanks to its ability to produce high volume precision components to net-shape.

The part shown in Fig. 17 is an articulation gear used in a surgical stapling unit. Produced by MIM to net shape from 17-4 PH stainless steel, the part has a density of more than 7.65g/cm3, ultimate tensile strength of 900 MPa (130,000 psi), yield strength of 730 MPa (106,000psi) and a 25 HRC hardness. This part won an MPIF Grand Prize in 2008.


Implantable Metal Injection Molded components

There has been much progress towards the development of implantable MIM products for applications such as drug delivery devices and joint replacements.

Applications for MIM: Medical and Orthodontic - Titanium_base_plate

Fig. 18 MIM-Ti6Al4V base plate. (Courtesy Element 22 GmbH, Germany)

A base plate for an implantable infusion pump made from MIM-Ti6Al4V is shown in Fig. 18. The base plate, the most expensive part of the pump, combines several functional elements.

The extreme aspect ratio of 78 mm diameter and a wall thickness of only 1 mm is almost impossible to realise with conventional cold runner tooling, but, with a hot runner this mould can be completely filled with high reliability.

The moulded part weighs almost 50 g. Two small bores are moulded in, a conical one with 0.8 mm diameter at the top and 0.4 mm at the bottom, and a cylindrical one with 0.5 mm diameter.


Applications for MIM: Medical and Orthodontic - Titanium_knee_implant

Fig. 19 Metal Injection Molded knee implant parts made from Ti6Al4V. (Courtesy Maetta Sciences Inc., Canada)

Fig. 19 shows prototype MIM knee implant parts made from Ti6Al4V by Maetta Sciences Inc., Canada.

For load bearing surgical implants, the typical post-treatments are, after HIPping, bead blasting, polishing, electropolishing and anodising.


Next page: Applications: The Automotive Industry


Industry News

Read the latest issue of PIM International

The latest issue of PIM International magazine is available to view online or download in PDF format.

As well as an extensive MIM, CIM industry and sinter-based AM industry news section, this 124-page issue includes the following exclusive articles and reports:

  • Bosch Advanced Ceramics: Driving ceramic Additive Manufacturing for series production with Lithoz
  • High precision, flexibility and intensive customer support: How Demcon MIM is planning ahead for long-term growth
  • Playing the long game: The story of Binder Jetting, and ExOne’s view on a rapidly evolving technology landscape
  • Riding the storm: A review of progress in China and Taiwan’s MIM industry during 2020
  • Advanced Powder Injection Moulding process developments presented at Euro PM2020
  • > Go to magazine page


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