Injection moulding of MIM parts

Metal Injection Molding benefits from technology developed for the plastics industry

When it comes to the injection moulding process, the Metal Injection Molding industry can rely on the vast experience and technical background of the plastics injection moulding industry.

Arburg Allrounder

Fig. 11 A typical injection moulding machine used in the PIM industry (Courtesy Arburg, Germany)

Leading manufacturers of injection moulding machines offer comprehensive PIM-related technical support, and some even have dedicated PIM facilities to help get you started.

Standard plastic injection moulding machines typically have to undergo some minor modifications to optimise them for Metal Injection Molding. The injection cylinders, for example, are adapted for the particularly abrasive properties of the materials used.

The selection of the screw geometry is also important – compared to a standard thermoplastic screw, a lower compression rate, typically 1.4:1 to 1.6:1 is used, along with screw material with enhanced wear resistance. Another modification is an extended compression zone. Such modifications allow lower shear heating and, therefore, reduce wear.

As well as injection moulding machines, there are many experienced third-party mould makers available, as well as mould design software, parts handling devices, etc.

 

Simulations aid tool and part design

Computer simulation of the injection moulding process is advanced and allows the study of every detail of mould filling in 3D.

Injection moulding of MIM parts - Turbo_BASF

Fig. 12 Computer simulation of the injection moulding of an automotive turbocharger component. (Courtesy BASF SE, Germany)

The design engineer can analyse the filling dynamics in thick and thin areas on screen, study the effects of gate position, thermal gradients in the mould and phenomena such as jetting and binder segregation.

Designers can also optimise the kinetics of mould filling and determine shrinkage and distortion of the green compact relative to the mould dimensions.

A careful analysis and optimisation of the mould cavities can reduce design time and cost while significantly improving yield and quality.

Next page: Sintering in the Metal Injection Moulding Process

 

 

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Read the latest issue of PIM International

The latest issue of PIM International magazine is available to view online or download in PDF format.

As well as an extensive MIM and CIM industry news section, this 104-page issue includes the following exclusive articles and reports:

  • Threat or opportunity? The MIM industry as a partner, a target and a market for metal AM
  • WORLDPM2018 Congress: Global MIM markets show healthy growth
  • Ceramic Injection Moulding and Ceramic Additive Manufacturing side by side: Opportunities and challenges
  • Euro PM2018: Innovations in Metal Injection Moulding highlighted in Bilbao
  • > Go to magazine page

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